March is Endometriosis Awareness Month, shedding light on a silent condition affecting millions of women worldwide. While the exact prevalence remains uncertain, estimates range from 2% to 10% of the female population globally, rising to 50% among infertile women. Consequently, it’s estimated that at least 190 million women and adolescents worldwide are affected during their reproductive years, with some experiencing symptoms beyond menopause.


Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside it, potentially causing pain, discomfort during intercourse, abnormal bleeding, and other symptoms. Diagnosis can be complex as symptoms may resemble those of other gynecological conditions like ovarian cysts or pelvic inflammatory disease. Diagnostic methods may include pelvic exams, transvaginal ultrasounds, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), with more invasive techniques like laparoscopy less commonly recommended.

Endometriosis can also impact fertility, often diagnosed during infertility treatments due to the presence of endometriotic cysts in the ovaries observed during routine ultrasounds.

Endometriosis affects fertility through various mechanisms, including the formation of scar tissue that may obstruct or damage the fallopian tubes, hindering egg fertilization. It can also cause chronic inflammation of ovarian tissue, affecting egg quality and reducing conception chances. Additionally, endometriosis can interfere with embryo implantation in the uterus, further complicating successful pregnancy.


Treatment for endometriosis to improve fertility varies based on disease severity and individual patient needs.

Surgical intervention may be necessary to remove endometrial tissue and enhance reproductive function, while hormonal therapies can alleviate symptoms. Many women with endometriosis can successfully conceive with appropriate treatment and monitoring during pregnancy, emphasizing the importance of seeking medical advice for tailored treatment options to enhance successful conception.

Remember, if diagnosed with endometriosis, egg freezing before surgery, or as a “plan B” for the future, is an option.


A balanced diet and healthy lifestyle habits are crucial for managing endometriosis symptoms. Regular exercise, stress management, and avoiding toxic substances like alcohol and tobacco can help alleviate symptoms.

In conclusion, endometriosis is a prevalent condition globally, potentially causing infertility and often underdiagnosed due to varying symptomatology.

If experiencing symptoms such as pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding, or infertility, do not hesitate to consult a healthcare provider.

With early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, many women can lead healthy and fulfilling lives, even with this chronic condition.

If you have questions about endometriosis or want to learn more about this condition and its effects on fertility, feel free to reach out. I’m here to help answer your questions.